*Research & Development Dept, Iranian Offshore Oil Co., No. 38, Tooraj St., Vali Asr Ave., Tehran 19395, Iran.
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The thermal history of the sedimentary successions at the Soroosh-17, Soroosh-02 and Nowrooz-16 wells in the northern Persian Gulf have been studied using apatite fission track analysis and vitrinite reflectance data. These data were used to identify and quantify episodes of heating and cooling which have affected the sections penetrated by these wells. This information was synthesised to provide a thermal history framework for the wells, within which the history of hydrocarbon generation, as well as regional structural development, can be understood. Preliminary hydrocarbon generation histories are presented for the Soroosh and Nowrooz oilfields and nearby areas.
Modelling of hydrocarbon generation histories based on the AFTA- and VR-derived thermal histories, assuming a dominant Type III kerogen for possible Albian Kazhdumi Formation source rocks and a dominant Type II kerogen for possible Neocomian Fahliyan (Lower Ratawi) Formation source rock, suggest that local sourcing of oil from the Kazhdumi Formation is unlikely. The most likely source rock for oil in the Burgan Formation reservoir at Soroosh-17 and Nowrooz-16 is interpreted to be the Fahliyan Formation based on the available data. On the other hand, speculative modelling of the Hendijan-1 well down-dip from the Nowrooz field does allow some oil to be generated from the Kazhdumi sequence at that location, and this might be available for migration to the Nowrooz field.