RESERVOIR PROPERTIES OF BARREMIAN –APTIAN URGONIAN LIMESTONES, SE FRANCE, PART 1: INFLUENCE OF STRUCTURAL HISTORY ON POROSITY-PERMEABILITY VARIATIONS
J. Cochard1*, P. Léonide1, J. Borgomano1, Y. Guglielmi1,2, G. Massonnat3, J-P. Rolando3, L. Marié1 and A. Pasquier1
1 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, IRD, CEREGE UM 34, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille, France.
2 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Earth and Environmental Science Area, 1 Cyclotron Road, M/S 74R316C, Berkeley, CA 94720.
3 Total S.A., Centre Scientifique et Technique Jean Féger (CSTJF), 64000 Pau, France.
* Corresponding author, email: email@example.com
Key words: microporous carbonates, reservoir rock properties, structural deformation, fractured reservoir, Lower Cretaceous, Urgonian, France.
Upper Barremian – Lower Aptian inner platform “Urgonian” limestones in the Mont de Vaucluse region, SE France, consist of alternating metre-scale microporous and tight intervals. This paper focuses on the influence of structural deformation on the reservoir properties of the Urgonian limestone succession in a study area near the town of Rustrel. Petrographic, petrophysical and structural data were recovered from five fully-cored boreholes, from the walls of a 100 m long underground tunnel, and from a 50 m long transect at a nearby outcrop. The data allowed reservoir property variations in the Urgonian limestones to be studied from core to reservoir scale.
Eleven Reservoir Rock Types (RRTs) were identified based on petrographic features (texture, grain size), reservoir properties (porosity, permeability), and the frequency of structural discontinuities such as fractures, faults and stylolites. Tight and microporous reservoir rock types were distinguished. Tight reservoir rock types were characterised by early cementation of intergranular pore spaces and by the presence of frequent structural discontinuities. By contrast microporous reservoir rock types contained preserved intragranular microporosity and matrix permeability, but had very few structural discontinuities. Observed vertical alternations of microporous and tight rock types are interpreted to have been controlled by the early diagenesis of the Urgonian carbonates.
Deformation associated with regional-scale tectonic phases, including Albian – Cenomanian “Durancian” uplift (~105 to 96 Ma) and Pyrenean compression (~55 to 25 Ma), resulted in the modification of the initial petrophysical properties of the Urgonian limestones. An early diagenetic imprint conditioned both the intensity of structural deformations and the associated circulations of diagenetic and meteoric fluids. Evolution of the Reservoir Rock Types is therefore linked both to the depositional conditions and to subsequent phases of structural deformation.
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