GEOCHEMICAL AUREOLES AROUND OIL AND GAS ACCUMULATIONS IN THE ZECHSTEIN (UPPER PERMIAN) OF POLAND: ANALYSIS OF FLUID INCLUSIONS IN HALITE AND BITUMENS IN ROCK SALT
V. M. Kovalevych+, T. M. Peryt*, S. N. Shanina, D. Wieclaw and S. F. Lytvyniuk
+National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine.
*Panstwowy Instytut Geologiczny, Warsaw, Poland.
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Fluid inclusions in halite and bitumens in rock salt in Upper Permian Zechstein evaporites in West Poland were studied in locations where the evaporites lie above oil and gas reservoir rocks. The samples were taken from halite intercalated within the Basal Anhydrite; this unit lies above the Main Dolomite which serves as both source rock and reservoir. Samples came from a depth of 2.3–3.2 km. A characteristic feature of the fluid (gas-brine) inclusions was their high methane content together with the occasional presence of bitumen globules of near-spherical form. Geochemical analyses of the bitumen in bulk samples of rock salt (including content and distribution of n-alkanes and isoprenoids, and carbon isotope ratios) suggest an algal origin, similar to that of the oil in the underlying source rocks. For comparison, we studied fluid inclusions in halite from Zechstein evaporites in northern Poland, where hydrocarbon accumulations do not occur in underlying strata and where mostly single-phase (brine) inclusions with a low methane content have been recorded. However, published data indicate that similar inclusions to those occurring in the Zechstein of West Poland (comprising brine with a high methane content, bitumen films and/or oil droplets) are present in other salt-bearing sequences, where their origin is related to the thermal degradation of organic material dispersed within the salt itself. Accordingly, such fluid inclusions in an evaporite succession can only be considered to form a geochemical aureole where the bitumens in the rock salt (including those in the fluid inclusions in halite) can be compositionally linked to those in the associated oil accumulation