IN-RESERVOIR FRACTIONATION AND THE ACCUMULATION OF OIL AND CONDENSATES IN THE SURMA BASIN, NE BANGLADESH
Md. A. Hossain1, N. Suzuki1, 2, *, K. Matsumoto2, R. Sakamoto3 and N. Takeda4
Petroleum in the Surma basin, NE Bangladesh (part of the Bengal Basin) ranges from waxy crude oils to condensates. The origin and source rocks of these hydrocarbons were investigated based on the distributions of saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons in 20 oil samples from seven oil and gas fields. The relative compositions of pristane, phytane and adjacent n-alkanes suggest that the source rock was deposited in a non-marine setting. The abundance and similar distribution of biphenyls, cadalene and bicadinanes in most of the crude oils and condensates indicates a significant supply of higher-plant derived organic matter to the source rocks. Maturity levels of the crude oils and condensates from the Surma basin correspond to calculated vitrinite reflectance (Rc) values of 1.0–1.3%, indicating hydrocarbon expulsion from the source rock at a comparatively high maturity level. The Rc values of oils from the Titas field in the southern margin of the Surma basin are relatively low (0.8–1.0%). Some oils were severely biodegraded. The similar distribution of diamondoid hydrocarbons in both biodegraded and non-biodegraded oils indicated similar types of source rocks and similar maturity levels to those of oils from the Surma basin. The Oligocene Jenam Shale and/or underlying non-marine deposits located at greater depths may be potential source rocks. The diversity of the petroleum in the Surma basin was likely due to evaporative fractionation, resulting in residual waxy oils and lighter condensates which subsequently underwent tertiary migration and re-accumulation. Evaporative fractionation due to modification of the reservoir structure occurred during and after the Pliocene, when large-scale tectonic deformation occurred in and around the Bengal Basin.
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