GEOPHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SANGU GAS FIELD, OFFSHORE, BANGLADESH: CONSTRAINTS ON RESERVOIRS
Md. Upal Shahriar*, Delwar Hossain*, Md. Sakawat Hossain*+, M. Julleh Jalalur Rahman*, Kamruzzaman*
* Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka 1342, Bangladesh.
+ Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Key words: Sangu field, Bangladesh, Bay of Bengal, Hatiya Trough, Neogene, reservoir characterisation, reservoir mapping, amplitude extraction, gas reservoir.
The only produced offshore gas field in Bangladesh, known as the Sangu field, is located in the Hatiya Trough in the east of the Bay of Bengal, and has estimated total reserves of about 1055 BCF GIIP. The early shut-down of the field in October 2013 may have resulted in significant volumes of recoverable gas being left in the subsurface over a depth range of 1893 m to 3640 m. In this paper, seismic and well log data were analyzed and interpreted in order to investigate the structure and stratigraphy of the Sangu field, together with the lithology, extent and petrophysical properties of the reservoir. The general lithostratigraphy at Sangu has some similarity to that of the Surma Basin of the Bengal Foredeep. Reservoir rocks consist of Miocene and Pliocene deltaic sandstones and deep-water clastics. The source rock is the Miocene Bhuban Shale which is mature for gas generation in the Hatiya Trough.
Three Neogene seismic stratigraphic megasequences were recognised at Sangu and are interpreted to have been deposited respectively in fluvial, delta front and shelf slope or marginal marine settings. Based on an analysis of wireline logs from wells Sangu-1 and Sangu-5 and on seismic-to-well ties, a series of reservoir units referred to (from the base up) as the T1 (E, D, C, A&B), Supra-T1, T2 and T3 have been identified. Petrophysical analyses showed that the average total porosity of these reservoir units is >13%, the permeability is in general less than10 mD, and the gas saturation ranges from 24% to 80%. Mapping of the reservoirs shows that the structure at Sangu is an asymmetric anticline with a NNW-SSE axial trend. Amplitude data have allowed the delineation of two other potential reservoir zones in the field at depths of 2900-3000 m and 3550-3750 m. The study will contribute to future offshore gas exploration and development in the Bay of Bengal region based on the geological and geophysical characteristics of the reservoirs delineated.
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