Guo Chena,b*, Ning Wangb, Shuai Yangc, Xiaofeng Lid, Pengfei Zhange and Yanqing Suf

a Cooperative Innovation Center of Unconventional Oil and Gas, Yangtze University (Ministry of Education & Hubei Province), Wuhan 430100, China.

b Hubei Key Laboratory of Petroleum Geochemistry and Environment (Yangtze University), Wuhan 430100, China.

c Oilfield Technical Service Company of PetroChina Xinjiang Oilfield Company, Karamay, 834000, China.

d Exploration and Development Research Institute of Jiangsu Oilfield Company, SINOPEC, Yangzhou, 225009, China.

e College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266590, China.

f Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Utah State University, Logan UT 84322-4130, USA.

* Corresponding author:

The Chang 7 member of the Upper Triassic Yanchang Formation is an important source rock in the Ordos Basin, NW China. Previous studies of the unit have in general focused on the relatively deep-water (~25 m) anoxic, OM-rich lacustrine mudstones which form the main Mesozoic source rock at fields in the south of the basin. However, this paper presents an integrated geochemical investigation of the relatively shallow-water Chang 7 facies in a study area around Jiyuan field in the western part of the basin in order to evaluate its source rock potential. The results show that the Chang 7 source rock in the study area has a high content of Type II OM, and is interpreted to have been deposited in a suboxic-anoxic lacustrine setting with a mixed input of aquatic and terrigenous organic matter. The results of 1D modelling of a well in the study area showed that the Chang 7 member entered the oil generation window from the Middle Jurassic. Oil-oil correlations based on hierarchical cluster analysis and correspondence analysis showed that crude oils generated by deep-water Chang 7 source rocks from wells in the south of the basin can be distinguished from Soxhlet-extracted petroleum from reservoir sandstones in the study area. The compositional differences are inferred to be due to variations in source rock facies compositions. An oil – source rock correlation study showed that the shallower-water Chang 7 source rock in the western part of the basin generated the hydrocarbons in core extracts of reservoir sandstones from wells in this area. The shallow-water Chang 7 facies may therefore constitute an effective oil-prone source rock in the western Ordos Basin.

Key words: Upper Triassic, Ordos Basin, China, Yanchang Formation, Chang 7 member, oil-oil correlation, oil-source rock correlation, biomarkers, basin modelling.

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